By Shinichi Saoshiro
TOKYO (Reuters) - Asian stocks were steady on Friday amid caution over developments in U.S.-China trade negotiations, while the dollar perched near a five-month peak after the benchmark U.S. Treasury yield hit its highest in seven years.
MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan (MIAPJ0000PUS) was little changed. The index was headed for a 1 percent loss this week.
Wall Street ended slightly lower on Thursday as investors grappled with U.S.-China trade tensions after U.S. President Donald Trump said that China "has become very spoiled on trade".
But helping ease some of the tension, Beijing has offered Trump a package of proposed purchases of American goods and other measures aimed at reducing the U.S. trade deficit with China by some $200 billion a year, U.S. officials familiar with the proposal said.
A second round of talks between senior Trump administration officials and their Chinese counterparts started on Thursday, focused on cutting China's U.S. trade surplus and improving intellectual property protections.
"President Trump does not do the actual trade negotiations, which are done by officials from both sides," said Kota Hirayama, senior emerging markets economist at SMBC Nikko Securities in Tokyo.
"China should be well accustomed to Trump's ways by now. Judging from how the talks are proceeding so far, there is a greater chance of the negotiations ending in some sort of a compromise instead of falling through, and such an outcome would bode well for risk sentiment," he said.
The index has gained about 1 percent this week, buoyed by the surge in U.S. Treasury yields, with the 10-year U.S. Treasury note yield (US10YT=RR) hitting a seven-year peak of 3.128 percent.
The euro was up 0.1 percent at $1.1805 (EUR=), but not far off a five-month trough of $1.1763 brushed on Wednesday. The currency has fallen nearly 1.2 percent this week, largely pressured by Italian political uncertainty.
Reports this week that Italian populist parties likely to form the country's next government may ask the European Central Bank for debt forgiveness have raised concerns about Italy abandoning fiscal discipline.
The dollar extended an overnight rally and rose to 111.005 yen <jpy=>, its highest since late January. The greenback has gained about 1.4 percent against its Japanese peer this week.</jpy=>
Emerging market currencies have also lost ground against the dollar this week as the rise in U.S. yields showed little signs of slowing.
The Turkish lira <trytom=d3>fell to a record low against the dollar this week, the Brazilian real<brl=>plumbed a two-year low while Mexico's peso <mxn=d2>has shed more than 5 percent this month.</mxn=d2></brl=></trytom=d3>
A retreat by Indonesia's rupiah <idr=>to a 2-1/2-year low prompted the central bank to tighten monetary policy on Thursday for the first time since 2014 to support the currency.</idr=>
"Perhaps the most unnerving aspect of the recent rupiah weakness has been the sheer speed in which the currency markets have turned against some emerging market countries," wrote Sean Darby, chief global equity strategist at Jefferies.
"However, policy credibility is the most important tool and the fact that the Indonesian central bank has begun to tighten ought to alleviate some of the FX pressures."
In commodities, Brent crude oil futures were 16 cents higher at $79.46 a barrel (LCOc1) after rising to $80.50 on Thursday, their highest since November 2014.
Brent has risen 3 percent this week and is headed for a sixth week of gains.
A rapid slide in oil supply from Venezuela, concern that U.S. sanctions will disrupt exports from Iran, and falling global inventories have all combined to push oil prices up nearly 20 percent in 2018. [O/R]
Inflation concerns, strong U.S. economic indicators and worries over increasing debt supply have pushed Treasury yields higher this week.
(Reportijg by Shinichi Saoshiro; Editing by Shri Navaratnam and Eric Meijer)